Please note that all materials at this Web site are copyright.

Moral rights

Contributors to this Web site have asserted their moral rights to be identified as such under Section 77 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988 (UK).

Educational use

Electronic or paper copies of the materials at this Web site, or individual pages from it may be made for classroom use, provided that the copies are distributed free-of-charge or at the cost of reproduction, and the authors of the work are credited and identified as the copyright holders.

Other uses

Materials from these pages may be distributed by individuals to individuals for non-commercial purposes, but not by means of electronic distribution lists, mailing lists, newsgroups, bulletin board or unauthorised World Wide Web postings, or other bulk distribution, access or reproduction mechanisms that substitute for a subscription or authorised individual access, or in any manner that is not an attempt in good faith to comply with these restrictions.

Commercial use

Should you wish to use this material in whole or in part for commercial purposes, or to republish it in any form, please contact:

Dean Madden

National Centre for Biotechnology Education
University of Reading
2 Earley Gate
The United Kingdom

T: + 44 (0) 11 89 87 37 43
F: + 44 (0) 11 89 75 01 40